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Sri Lankan Heritage

Sri Lanka with its nearly 3000 years of history holds kind of world’s ancient cities including Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa and Digamadulla. Remnants of these once glorious cities, their palaces, temples, monasteries, hospitals and theaters intricately carved and modeled out of stone lay abandoned amidst the soaring mountains.

Of all the normal sites the foremost famed and most exquisite is that the dominion of Anuradhapura. Sri Lanka’s third and thus the longest serving capital and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities within the world is additionally one of the foremost sacred cities of World Buddhists. it had been the capital of Sri Lanka from the Fourth Century BC up to the turn of the eleventh Century and was one of the foremost stable and durable centers of political power and concrete life in South Asia. However the town itself is far older than the dominion of Anuradhapura and according to archeological evidence could have originated as far as tenth century BC. Anuradhapura was abandoned thanks to the thanks to repeated South Indian Invasions and was eventually forgotten with time until it had been rediscovered within the first 19 th century.

Polonnaruwa, the second most ancient kingdom of the country was first made the political center of the country within the ninth century BC. Irrigation systems that are far superior to those of the Anuradhapura Age were constructed in Polonnaruwa kingdom, and still provide irrigation water to the farmers in and around Polonnaruwa. Yet the kingdom’s glory was short-lived and a South Indian invasion pushed the political centre towards the centre of the country by the eleventh century. Today the normal city of Polonnaruwa remains one of the only planned archaeological relic sites within the country, a sworn statement to the discipline and greatness of the Kingdom's first rulers.

Digamadulla, the Eastern kingdom of Sri Lanka was the agricultural and spiritual capital of the country during the Anuradhapura kingdom. Ruled by a viceroy of the Anuradhapura king Digamadulla was a prosperous province with grand palace, monasteries and temples at every juncture. Having received lesser attention of archaeologists compared to Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa many a great creations of ancient Digamadulla had been lost to time, war and plunder while more silently awaits within the midst of the forests covering the lands of Eastern Sri Lanka .

 

Source: https://www.srilanka.travel/heritage-sri-lanka

 

 

Arts & Crafts in Sri Lanka:

The History

Owing to its long, rich history, the humanities & Crafts in Sri Lanka are evolving through the course of your time .

Its pivotal position on the traditional Silk Route made Sri Lanka a crossroad of cultural and trade exchange of the West and therefore the East. India and China’s record have proven the cultural, political and trade exuberance of this island.

In some ways Sri Lankan arts is an idea of its long and lasting Buddhist tradition which successively absorbed and adopted countless regional and native tradition for thousand of years, evolving to be a singular variant of Sri Lankan arts. Unsurprising, most of Sri Lankan arts originated religious beliefs, represented in many artistic forms like painting, sculpture, architecture, and so on.

Sculpture and Painting

Indian culture has also made an enormous impact within the Arts & Crafts in Sri Lanka .

The Indian Buddhist culture introduced along side Buddhism into Sri Lanka within the 3rd century B.C has become an integral a part of Sri Lankan culture ever since.

Nonetheless, this has not hindered the formation of a distinctively Sri Lankan tradition to precise in its own ways. Sri Lankan idiom varied from kingdom to kingdom along its historic lines, each of which has successively added some characteristic elements to the humanities & Crafts in Sri Lanka , eventually turning into the heritage we will see today.

Architecture

Architecture in Sri Lanka is closely supported religious beliefs like most other sorts of Sri Lankan arts, and Buddhism is one among the foremost influential elements. Not only Buddhism, Hinduism is another important influence on Sri Lankan architecture represented because the Hindu temples and shrines of the Hindu Tamils.

Since Sri Lanka has been occupied by three generations of colonization, beginning with the Portuguese, followed by the Dutch and eventually British , the architecture in Sri Lanka has developed and influenced by those three culture through the course of your time . The colonial legacy as seen in ancient buildings within the country enhances the charm of Sri Lanka .

So to mention that, Sri Lanka may be a place where different cultures have intertwined together create a culture and a heritage unlike the other within the world would be a fitting description.

Handicrafts

Sri Lanka has an in depth sort of handicrafts representing the rich craftsmanship tracing back multiple generations. Tourists can find the superb collection of Sri Lankan handicrafts in shops and stores throughout the country.

Highlights

Sculpture and painting of Sri Lanka

It is Buddhism again which has left a profound impression on the humanities & Crafts in Sri Lanka .

In sculpturing, most works were dominated by structures of Buddha . In early times, the statues of Buddha were often carved from the living rock of limestone cliffs.

Over the centuries, other quite materials have also been adopted for sculpting the statutes of Buddha like jade, rock, crystal, marble, emerald, ivory, coral, wood, and metal. Buddha is represented in three main poses: standing, meditating, and reclining. the decorative sculptures on the staircases of Buddhist shrines and palaces reveal exquisite skill of Sri Lankan sculptors and also symbolize the strength of the religion among the the Sinhalese Buddhists.

Similar to the sculptures, Sri Lankan painting is additionally closely attached to Buddhism. Themes in Sri Lankan painting are all associated with Buddha: Buddha’s life and tales of former lives of Buddha , for instance . the superb painting works are often seen on walls in several Buddhist monasteries and shrines.

There are two different sorts of painting in Sri Lanka: artistic style and Kandyan style. The artistic style is vigorous, complex and expressive whereas the Kandyan style holds it simplicity and continuity of expression.

 

 

Masks

Mask may be a facial decorative wear utilized in Sri Lankan dancing. In early times, the masks were utilized in rituals, dramas, and curing sickness. it's believed that mask provide curative power for physiological problems. Most masks are made form a light-weight wood called Kaduru and craved into various characters.

 

 

Batiks

Batik making is actually an Indonesian art, but has developed in Sri Lanka into its own unique style. Tourists can find a good sort of batiks sold throughout the island. a number of the simplest and most original are the batik pictures made in Kandy and Fresco Batiks on the Peradeniya road outside Kandy.

Batik or Batique is an Indonesian word and refers to a generic wax-resist dyeing technique used on textile. The word originates from Javanese word “amba”, aiming to write and therefore the Javanese word for dot or point, “titik.”

It is known to be quite a millennium old, probably in ancient Egypt or Sumeria. There are evidences that cloth decorated through some technique was in use within the early centuries AD.[citation needed] it's found in several countries later in West Africa like Nigeria, Cameroon and Mali, or in Asia, like India, Sri Lanka, Iran, and Thailand, and Malaysia, but the foremost popular are in Indonesia.

The art of Batik reach its highest achievement in technique, intricate design, and refined aesthetic in Java, Indonesia. The island of Java itself is legendary and well-known for its exquisite batik for hundreds of years , particularly in places like Yogyakarta, Solo, Cirebon, and Pekalongan.